Facing History and Ourselves: The 60s Scoop

Utilizing Facing History's publication, Stolen Lives: Indigenous Peoples of Canada and the Indian Residential Schools, we will explore the history and legacy of the 60s Scoop and its devastating effects.

The 60s Scoop was a nation-wide apprehension of Indigenous children by child-welfare agencies that removed thousands of children from their families and communities. Though the Scoop spanned a period of two decades, its historical roots stretch back to colonization and its legacies persist to present day. Using a variety of texts and testimonies, we will examine the ideas, institutions, and choices that led to the Scoop and its devastating consequences on individuals and communities.

 This workshop will equip teachers with interactive strategies for using rich primary sources and historical background materials to enrich students’ understanding. Content is appropriate for educators who are familiar with Stolen Lives as well as those who are new to the resource and to Facing History and Ourselves. We have designed this workshop around shared dilemmas. How do we prepare students and build an empathic community in the classroom in order to process and critically engage with this contentious and emotionally laden history? We will offer adaptative teaching strategies that will facilitate constructive discourse and leave students with skills, attitudes, and perspectives necessary for meaningful praxis.

Target Audience

Teachers of Contemporary Indigenous Studies, B.C. First Peoples, History, Philosophy, Social Justice, Genocide Studies, and Social Studies.


Friday 10:30 AM - 12:00 PM
Room 413

This session is full.


  • Spirit Lavallee

    Spirit is Cree/Metis and Wet'suwet'en. Born and raised on unceded Coast Salish Territory of the Musqueam, Squamish and Tsleil Watuth Peoples in Vancouver, BC.  She has taught at Britannia's Outreach Alternative program in the Humanities since 2011.


  • Dale Martelli

    Dale is a  PhD Candidate at Simon Fraser University in the Educational Theory and Practice: Philosophy of Education stream, researching philosophy of history education, in particular, historical critical thinking skills. Using design-based research methodology, his thesis is researching an implementation of a critical thinking intervention tool in history classrooms. 

    He is originally from East Vancouver and later as raised on a farm out in the valley. He started at S.F.U in 1978 and began teaching in 1982. He spent a few years teaching in Israel and Nigeria. He completed a B.A. in history and philosophy and he was very fortunate to work with the late Dr. William Cleveland at S.F.U., completing a master's thesis exploring Syrian and Palestinian history and the nature of popular revolt. He returned to East Van in 1998 after a stint as a Faculty Associate at S.F.U, taking a social studies position and becoming Department Head at Vancouver Technical Secondary. 

    He teaches History 12, Genocide Studies 12,  Philosophy 12, and Classical Studies 8-10 a blend of philosophy and literature. He is also the President of the British Columbia Social Studies Teachers's Association, working with an amazing group of social studies teachers from all across our province.